Multiple sclerosis is a disease with a potentially disabling effect that attacks the central nervous system. In this condition, the nerve fibers are affected due to damage to the myelin coating. The myelin acts as a protective and active sheath but is attacked by the immune system. When the nerve fibres are damaged, there is an interference in the transmission of signals between the brain, spinal cord and rest of the body parts. The communication process is tampered and this also causes varied symptoms and signs that are accompanied with multiple sclerosis. If the condition is not diagnosed and treated in time, the nerves undergo further damage and can cause a permanent effect over time.
There are various effects that are caused by multiple sclerosis. However, it entirely depends on the extent of damaged nerves. Moreover, the symptoms and signs will be determined based on the types of nerves that are affected.
The signs and symptoms are experienced will differ from person to person. While one may feel fatigue regularly, another patient may find it difficult to move certain body parts. The most common symptoms that are seen in the patient include abnormal thinking and constant forgetfulness. Apart from this, certain patients may also go through a loss of vision in both or one eye, depending on the severity of the nerve damage. Also, in most cases, people feel a sudden sensation in different parts of the body and this can be described as piercing a needle or pins into the skin.
There are some factors that increase the risk of one developing multiple sclerosis. It is likely to affect someone who is in the age bracket of 15 to 60 years. However, family history or genes can play a major role in the contraction of this disease. Also, women are at a higher risk as compared to men. The lifestyle of an individual can also trigger the condition, especially if it weakens the immune system.
Foods filled with nutrients and those that support a healthy immune system should be part of the multiple sclerosis diet plans. A good diet plan promotes a healthy gut and this has proven to have a good effect in promoting effective treatment of the condition. Following a strict multiple sclerosis diet plan reduces the effects and aids in control of the condition.
Here are three types of foods that an individual with multiple sclerosis should consume:
Biotin – Biotin is a form of vitamin H. This element is widely found in foods such as eggs and yeast. Biotin-rich foods can be a part of the multiple sclerosis diet plan as it can benefit in easing the symptoms of the condition.
Probiotics – Probiotics have always been considered to be good for one’s health as they boost the growth of beneficial bacteria in the gut. This is a good way to strengthen the immune system that in turn will help fight the symptoms of multiple sclerosis. Probiotics can be acquired through several types of fermented foods such as yogurt, fermented tea, kim-chi and more. Other foods, probiotics can be added to the multiple sclerosis diet plans through the supplements available in the market. However, these supplements should be consumed only after consulting the physician.
Fibrous foods – Multiple sclerosis can meddle with the health of the bowel and it is one of the most common symptoms. A good fibrous diet helps in promoting the health of the gut and this in turn, optimizes a healthy lifestyle. Adding fiber-filled foods to the daily diet will not only nourish the good bacteria in the gut but also promote a healthy movement of the bowel. These foods also keep hunger pangs away.
There are some foods that an individual should avoid when diagnosed with the illness. Preferably, these types of food should be dropped from the diet, unless suggested otherwise by the physician.
Saturated fats – Foods such as dairy products and red meat are high in saturated fats and can have a bad effect on the overall health of the body.
Trans fat – Most packed foods such as pies and crackers are packed with trans fats and should be dropped out when following a multiple sclerosis diet plan. These trans fats are responsible for inflammation in the vessels of the body and can worsen the condition further.
Sodium – Sodium in high amounts is considered to be a major defaulter for many illnesses. It is found that high consumption levels of sodium can increase the chances of relapse and can also increase blood pressure levels. Thus, this ingredient should be avoided when following the multiple sclerosis diet plan.
Gluten – Gluten is a protein that is found in foodstuffs such as wheat, barley and rye. Avoiding or eliminating gluten from the multiple sclerosis diet plan will bring relief from the severe symptoms.
Multiple sclerosis cannot be cured, however following the right multiple sclerosis diet plans and leading an active lifestyle will help you deal with the condition and manage the symptoms accordingly.